These questions are studied using an employer data set stemming from the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality (MCSUI). This data set contains information on starting and current wages, worker characteristics, and employers’ ratings of employees. The information available in the MCSUI conforms quite closely to the data required to implement the tests described in the previous section, with some exceptions discussed below. one hour payday loans

The data are from a survey that was administered to about 800 establishments in each of four metropolitan areas: Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, and Los Angeles. The survey was administered between June of 1992 and May of 1994. It was administered over the phone, and averaged roughly 35 minutes in length. The sample of establishments was drawn from two sources: 1) a listing of establishments and their phone numbers provided by Survey Sampling, Inc. (SSI), which is drawn primarily from local phone directories and supplemented by other sources; and 2) the establishments of employment of respondents in household surveys that were also administered in each of these four metropolitan areas. For the establishments in the SSI part of the sample, the main respondent to the survey is the person who is responsible for hiring non-college workers. The interviews for this part of the sample focused only on hiring for jobs not requiring a college degree. For the sample drawn from the household survey, the respondent is the person responsible for hiring into the occupation of the household respondent. The sample was constructed to permit pooling data from these two sources, as both were designed to generate employee-weighted samples of establishments, when sample weights are used. The overall response rate for the survey was 67 percent for establishments that were successfully screened. This response rate compares favorably with other phone surveys of employers (e.g., Kling, 1995). Additional discussion of the data set is provided in Holzer (1995, 1996a, and 1996b).