ECONOMICS OF PROSTITUTION IN THE WORLD AND ITS IMPLICATIONS: INTRODUCTION

INTRODUCTION

The organized crime has increased with market liberalization under the economic globalization to play a fundamental role in the global economy. The globalization of capitalism and new liberal policies has led to the spread of prostitution markets that quite widely subject to the organized crime gangs that contradict with the norm, religion and good ethics. This is not attributed to the reason that prostitution is outlawed or comes under the prohibition circle. Whether in the countries that consider prostitution is outlawed like (Tunisia, Germany, The Netherlands) or in the countries in which prostitution houses are owned by the state (Turkey and Indonesia), or in the countries that recognize prostitution as a vital industry for the national economy (Thailand and the Philippines), the role of organizes crime gangs remains fundamental in organizing the prostitution markets since violence is the decisive factor in producing the sex industry (Patricia Green,2010).

Egypt is not isolated from other world countries as it is affected by the international and regional changes that contribute to the production and trade of this phenomenon. This trade differs from a country to another, as there is a transit country to other countries, there are destination countries of this trade and there are origin countries of it. Egypt is considered as a transit and destination country of sex trade. Therefore, it is necessary to study the dichotomies, reasons and effects of this phenomenon in order to curb its exacerbation in the future through focusing on only two forms of this phenomenon, namely tourist marriage of women in line of human trade and sex exploitation and prostitution.

The Research Problem

It dwells on the raising the overlooked hidden side of economic globalization and new liberal policies that transfer man into a commodity that has monetary and consuming value sold and bought at the human trade markets with the purpose of sex exploitation (prostitution) or what is known as tourist marriage phenomenon. The official institutions, authorities and governments often keep silent towards it despite this phenomenon increase year after another. In addition to the defect of government social assurance that does not include the poorest women; so as avoid them getting indulged in this phenomenon and the marginalizing women role without getting them fully involved in the society. This matter contradicts with the customs, traditions and the rules of Islam particularly in Egypt. The research significance dwells on breaking the silence that shrouds this phenomenon and face the reality with mechanisms that prevent this phenomenon exacerbation in the future through opening new horizons of further research for those researchers interested in this phenomenon.

Research Objectives

The research aims to identify the world sex markets according to the supply and demand theory; then reveal mechanisms that control the sex industry under the market value and organized crime. It aims as well to identify the spread extent of this phenomenon, its social and economic reasons at the world level in general. It also aims to identify the size of sex industry in Egypt; showing the affecting factors behind this phenomenon increase in the light of the results of the fieldwork study on a sample of some female interviewees working in the sex industry in Egypt. The study provides suitable suggestions to curb this phenomenon exacerbation in the future.

Research Approach

This is the first research of its kind in Egypt that handles the sex trade or prostitution from a social and economic perspective. It is a very complicated issue and highly sensitive as well. Its data collection can be impossible due to circumstances related to the suitable Egyptian society in terms of norms and traditions. The study has relied on the descriptive quantitative economic analysis technique to describe and analyze the development and reasons behind this phenomenon.

The study has used the social survey technique through conducting confidential personal interviews of a deliberately selected sample of (20) prostitutes working in hotels and night clubs at Al-Haram Street and the Nile Cornish in Giza. Each interview is conducted in full confidentiality according to the wishes of the interviewees and their employers. The results of data collected from the interviewees sample are obtained by using a statistical technique. The interviews were conducted during the period of 1st February till 1st May 2013. The researcher has relied on this phenomenon data on the descriptive aspects only on the statistical and fieldwork studies conducted by other independent researchers or other UN affiliated researches on a group of countries where this phenomenon spreads.

Research Plan

The research is divided into the following five parts:
First: The theoretical framework of sex markets according to the supply and demand theory.
Second: The world development of sex industry size and its reasons.
Third: The sex industry size development in Egypt and its reasons.
Fourth: Results analysis of the interviewees’ sample in Egypt.
Fifth: Research findings and recommendations.